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Monday, 16 May 2022 14:42

Commonwealth against NATO: 30 years ago, after the collapse of the USSR, the CSTO was created

The heads of Russia, Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan are taking part in the Kremlin summit dedicated to the 30th anniversary of the Collective Security Treaty and the 20th anniversary of the Organization.

In 1992, after the collapse of the USSR, the Collective Security Treaty was signed. This was the beginning of the creation of the CSTO, when independent countries realized that they could not defend themselves alone from NATO countries.

The summit will focus on key issues of cooperation within the framework of the CSTO, topical international and regional issues, as well as measures to further improve the collective security system.

During the meeting, the leaders signed a Statement of the Collective Security Council of the Collective Security Treaty Organization in connection with the 30th anniversary of the Collective Security Treaty and the 20th anniversary of the Collective Security Treaty Organization.

STATEMENT of the Collective Security Council of the Collective Security Treaty Organization on the occasion of the 30th anniversary of the Collective Security Treaty and the 20th anniversary of the Collective Security Treaty Organization

We, the members of the Collective Security Council of the Collective Security Treaty Organization, in connection with the 30th anniversary of the signing of the Collective Security Treaty and the 20th anniversary of the establishment of our Organization on its basis, declare that the choice we made in favor of joining efforts to maintain peace and security in the Eurasian space has stood the test of time.

The Treaty, concluded in 1992, fulfills its main task of ensuring security and stability, territorial integrity and sovereignty of the States participating in it. The efforts we have made to strengthen the Organization and adapt it to the current geopolitical situation have allowed us to intensify military-political cooperation and form an effective system of collective security and countering challenges and threats.

The CSTO, established in 2002, has raised the cooperation of the member states to a qualitatively new level of allied relations, has accumulated significant potential to counter a wide range of modern challenges and threats, and has become an important factor of peace and stability in the Eurasian space.

The Organization's structure continues to be improved, the range of its activities in all major areas is expanding, including foreign policy coordination, military and military-economic cooperation, crisis response, peacemaking, parliamentary dimension, combating international terrorism and extremism, ensuring information and biological security, countering organized transnational crime, including illegal production and trafficking of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and their precursors, illegal arms trafficking, legalization (laundering) of income received from criminal activities, illegal migration.

Having the appropriate potential to ensure the security and stability of the Member States, the Organization firmly proceeds from the lack of alternative solutions to existing international problems by political and diplomatic means and pays priority attention to developing coordinated approaches to the problems of improving the international situation, countering the challenges and threats that the CSTO member states have to face.
The CSTO peacekeeping operation conducted in January 2022 in the Republic of Kazakhstan confirmed the readiness of the Collective Forces to effectively solve the tasks of ensuring the security of the member states and demonstrated to the international community the Organization's capacity to promptly deploy and complete the mission, thereby demonstrating the high status of the CSTO in the system of international and regional organizations.

We are satisfied with our expanding cooperation in the international arena and the level of foreign policy coordination on the main items of the global and regional agendas. We are ready to deepen cooperation with the United Nations, other interested international and regional organizations and States.
Over the period since the signing of the Treaty, international relations in the context of the disunity of the world community are increasingly characterized by an aggravation of tension.

The situation in Afghanistan and on other external borders of the CSTO member states is of concern. In this regard, we express our readiness to ensure the security of the borders of the zone of responsibility of the Collective Security Treaty Organization.
We are seriously concerned about the trend towards forceful intervention in crisis situations bypassing generally recognized international legal norms and principles, the use of force or the threat of the use of force to resolve conflicts in violation of the UN Charter.

We are concerned about the selective application of universally recognized norms and principles of international law, ignoring internationally recognized negotiation formats, unwillingness to take into account the legitimate interests of sovereign states, interference in their internal affairs, the use of unilateral sanctions and restrictions in violation of the prerogatives of the UN Security Council, manifestations of double standards, hatred and intolerance.
Realizing our responsibility for ensuring lasting peace in the Eurasian region, we emphasize the importance of reducing tensions on the continent and confirm our readiness to establish practical cooperation with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

We strongly condemn any attempts to falsify historical events related to our common contribution to countering Nazi aggression. Together we will continue to counteract any attempts to glorify Nazism and spread neo-Nazism, as well as racism and xenophobia. We honor the memory of the ancestors who died during the Great Patriotic War, condemn the manifestations of the "war" with monuments in honor of the fighters against Nazism, the whitewashing of the participants of the Nazi movement and their accomplices. We express serious concern about attempts to prohibit at the legislative level the symbols associated with the Victory over Nazism. We emphasize that the facts of the expulsion and extermination of the peaceful population of the USSR by the Nazis and their accomplices, established in the Verdict of the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg, should be regarded as genocide of the peoples of the Soviet Union.

The path we have traveled, as a result of which the Collective Security Treaty Organization has acquired a new quality, has become an authoritative structure of international and regional security, allows us to look to the future with confidence.

Making this Statement in connection with the 30th anniversary of the Collective Security Treaty and the 20th anniversary of the CSTO, we confirm that the Organization will consistently ensure the security, sovereignty and territorial integrity of its member States, work to strengthen global and regional security, and a fair settlement of international problems based on universally recognized norms and principles of international law.

the city of Moscow,

May 16, 2022

The statement was signed: Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia Nikol Pashinyan, President of the Republic of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko, President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, President of the Kyrgyz Republic Sadyr Zhaparov, President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin and President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon.

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