On May 20, 2022, a meeting of the Security Council of the Russian Federation was held in videoconference mode under the chairmanship of Russian President Vladimir Putin. The issues of increasing the stability and security of the functioning of the information infrastructure of the state were discussed.

Transcript of the meeting:

President of Russia Vladimir Putin: Good afternoon, colleagues.

Today we will discuss issues pertaining to protecting and ensuring the reliable operation of our information systems and communications networks, as well as measures to counter external threats in this area. This is a complicated topic that is, of course, extremely relevant. Everybody understands that. It is of primary importance for our sovereignty and security, for the economy, governance and public stability.

The number of cyberattacks on Russian information infrastructure has been growing in the past years. For several years. But since the special military operation in Donbass and Ukraine, challenges in this sphere have become even more serious and critical. Russia has essentially become the target of aggression, of an information war.

The number of cyberattacks, including complex attacks, has multiplied. Experts believe it would not be possible for lone hackers to achieve that. The hackers attack from different countries in a well-coordinated effort. These attacks are conducted by state-run structures, and we know that the armies of some countries officially include cyber troops.

Targeted attempts to disable online resources of critical information infrastructure in Russia have been detected. Media outlets, financial institutions and widely used public websites and networks have been hit the hardest.

Official government websites have been subjected to serious attacks. Attempts to hack into corporate networks of major Russian companies are detected substantially more often.

The following tactic was used in the majority of cases: access to Russian websites is blocked and information becomes unavailable or is replaced with false information. The latest algorithms and combined technology are employed. Increasingly more advanced software is used that is able to damage devices running on different operating systems.

I will point out another serious challenge. One of the tools of sanctions’ pressure on Russia involved restrictions on foreign IT products and software. A number of Western tech companies unilaterally cut off Russia from technical support services for their equipment. Incidents where their products became limited or blocked have become more frequent.

All this should be taken into account when Russian companies and public authorities introduce new foreign IT products or use previously installed ones.

Even today, it can be said that the cyber aggression against us has failed, as well as the entire sanctions attack on Russia. We have been generally ready for this attack, as a result of the systematic work we have been doing in recent years.

Our specialists have been making dedicated efforts to protect the information infrastructure, ensuring the stable operation and security of networks and communication channels, and, I repeat, we have managed to do a lot, including the creation of our own unique technologies.

This effort was properly regulated, administratively and legally, as strategic planning documents were adopted, which identified the main threats and risks in this area and specific steps to neutralise them.

As I have already noted, with the legal framework significantly strengthened, the protection of information at state bodies and critical infrastructure facilities became far more effective. However, the nature of challenges and threats is changing fast. The entire information sphere is showing rapid growth. We certainly need to be mindful of this and keep all these matters under constant scrutiny and review.

Presidential Executive Order No. 250 signed on May 1 stipulates new parameters and requirements for such work. To follow up on that, today we will discuss the draft Basic Principles of State Policy on Ensuring the Security of Russia's Critical Information Infrastructure.

What should we focus our attention on?

First of all, we must work very seriously, constantly and in real time to improve and fine-tune the information security mechanisms of the crucial sector-specific facilities, on which the defence capability and stable economic and social development of our country depend.

I would like to point out that to date, a third of such facilities have no information security departments, although it has been said more than once that such departments must be established as soon as possible and that they should include professionals who have a good knowledge of the given sector’s specifics.

Furthermore, the coordination of all information security departments’ activities at the critical facilities must be ensured at the strategic level, and the heads of these organisations shall be held personally responsible for this, as per Executive Order No. 250, which I have mentioned.

The second task is to reinforce the protection of the information and communication systems of government agencies. The inspections held in 2021 showed that the majority of these agencies’ resources are vulnerable to large-scale attacks and to destructive external influence, especially those that are still using the last generation of foreign technologies.

We must strengthen the protection of the national digital space; there must be no weak spots here. It is essential to neutralise the risk of breaches of confidential information and personal data, including through stricter control of the use of office equipment, infrastructure and communications.

Given all this, I think it makes sense to discuss establishing a state information security system. I would like you to submit concrete proposals on the additional measures we must take to ensure the stable work of the information infrastructure of our government agencies and institutions.

The third priority is to dramatically reduce the risks associated with the use of foreign-made software, computer technology and telecommunication equipment.

I would like to stress once again that the ongoing extensive digitalisation in the Russian public administration system and economy (we launched this process several years ago) should be protected as much as possible from any potential negative external impact. The obvious way to achieve this goal is to shift to domestically developed equipment, technology, software and products.

Allow me to remind you that, according to the recently adopted decisions, using foreign means of information security will be completely prohibited as of 2025. Therefore, to strengthen our technological sovereignty, the Government needs to create a modern Russian base of electronic components within the shortest term possible. We have been discussing this for a long time now and we are working on it diligently. I hope we will see the results very soon.

Our job is to develop and implement our own technological equipment, including the equipment required for developing hardware and software systems. Tools and resources of the Digital Economy National Programme can be widely used here.

I would like to hear your opinion not only on how we can stimulate import substitution in this essential industry but also on how we can develop our own unique products that would be highly competitive.

Another measure is supporting our domestic ICT developers. I am confident that overall, it is important to improve coordination between all competent government agencies and organisations.

We have already made some progress by establishing a national crisis response centre to prevent targeted cyber-attacks. Every federal district has an information security commission chaired by a presidential plenipotentiary envoy.

The most important thing is to make all these efforts logical and consistent, to connect the work of all information security stakeholders based on the peculiarities of particular industries and regions.

Now let us begin with reports.

I would like to give the floor to Security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev. Please.


Comment by the Secretary of the Security Council Nikolai Patrushev on the results of the meeting of the Security Council

Security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev: At its meeting, the Security Council reviewed additional measures on preventing the consequences of new external threats in the use of IT technology.

It was noted that current threats to information security are designed to undermine the country’s defence capability and its law and order, and to degrade the socio-economic and socio-political situation in Russia.

The anonymity of the global information space, which Washington supports in every possible way, facilitates the uncontrolled spread of malicious software and the criminal activities of international cyber groups. Hackers, motivated financially by Western countries, are increasingly often involved in launching computer attacks with a view to inflicting economic and political damage on our country.

Radio-electronic and computer intelligence tools of NATO countries are being actively used to receive information on the ways and methods of protecting Russia’s critical information infrastructure.

Economic pressure on our country is substantially reducing confidence in foreign-made software and equipment.

Considering the evolving situation, the Security Council reviewed and approved the draft Basic Principles of State Policy on Ensuring the Security of Critical Information Infrastructure in the Russian Federation. The document will be submitted to the President for approval in the near future.

To neutralise the afore-mentioned threats, the document sets out the goals, tasks and mechanisms for implementing state IT policy.

The document suggests enhancing the protection of the critical information infrastructure by using domestic IT.

The Government will organise relevant research and development efforts, in part, in artificial intelligence technology and quantum computing.

The document provides for the creation of a competitive electronic component base and high-tech production, and the development of a state system for detecting, averting and eliminating the consequences of computer attacks.

Special attention will be paid to the professional training and development of information security experts.

In addition, the participants in the Security Council meeting decided to draft additional documents on strategic planning to improve the system of ensuring Russia’s information security.

For the first time, Moscow hosted a meeting of the leadership of the Security Council of the Russian Federation with the heads of diplomatic missions of foreign states in Russia.

With ambassadors from almost 100 countries, Deputy Secretaries of the Security Council of Russia Alexander Venediktov, Yuri Kokov, Rashid Nurgaliyev and Oleg Khramov discussed a number of topical international issues concerning all states of the world to one degree or another. First of all, they discussed the problems of hybrid threats, terrorism, closed biological laboratories, neo-Nazism, as well as information security.
The meeting, held in this format for the first time, is timed to coincide with the upcoming 30th anniversary of the Russian Security Council on June 3. In this regard, special attention was paid to the tasks facing the Security Council.

It was emphasized that since the establishment of the Security Council in 1992, the system of international relations has undergone serious changes. The process of forming a multipolar world order is underway, the role of regional associations whose activities are aimed at building mutually beneficial and equal relations is being strengthened.

In the welcoming message of the Secretary of the Security Council of Russia N.P. Patrushev, in particular, it was noted:

"Against the background of the formation of new centers of power in the world, instability continues to grow, caused by the unwillingness of individual countries to lose their geopolitical dominance.

It was these states, disregarding the interests of others, that deliberately scrapped the system of international stability built up over the years, ignoring Russian proposals for security guarantees. They have unilaterally denounced a number of important international treaties, including in the field of arms control. In parallel, projects beneficial to an exceptionally narrow group of countries are being promoted to create new closed military-political blocs in various regions of the world. As a result, strategic stability in Europe and the Middle East has been undermined, and the security architecture in the Asia-Pacific region has been compromised. As a result of the sanctions war launched against Russia, the socio–economic situation around the world has been sharply destabilized, many countries have been brought to the brink of famine.

At the same time, the same forces persistently devalue the potential of international law in an effort to replace it with a kind of "rules-based order", of course, the rules of those who create it, and not the entire world community. Attempts continue to undermine the key role of the UN and a number of other multilateral institutions, primarily in maintaining global security and in conflict resolution. The work of special and specialized UN structures is being politicized.

Under these conditions, countries that really strive to ensure stability in the interests of the entire planet, including Russia, propose to develop a peaceful, safe, open, cooperative, unifying agenda aimed ultimately at the socio-economic development of States, improving the welfare of their peoples and building a unified and indivisible architecture of international security. However, it will be difficult to achieve this without coordinated and coordinated actions of the entire world community."

"Today, Russia, as in previous centuries, seeks to form a unifying agenda for all countries, free from the artificially imposed by the West "rules-based order." This line of our country finds a lively response among many states pursuing an independent foreign policy," Deputy Secretary of the Security Council Alexander Venediktov told the ambassadors.

However, according to him, Washington is doing its best to maintain its global dominance, diligently ignoring objective reality and new centers of power. The United States and Great Britain habitually view their allies from a consumer point of view exclusively as sources of resources. Those who seek to pursue an independent course, they are trying to reverse and forcibly integrate into their geopolitical structures. But the most lively reaction of the ambassadors was caused by the words of Venediktov and the map of American biological laboratories around the world shown by him. The Security Council estimates that the closed network of laboratories includes over 400 facilities. At the same time, the map of these objects suspiciously coincides with the zones of occurrence of new dangerous diseases.

At the same time, Venediktov recalled that according to the UN Convention, no nation has the right to create and store biological weapons. At the same time, the United States has since managed to issue a number of legislative acts, as if removing all responsibility from Washington. For example, the "Patriotic Act", adopted in 2001, cancels restrictions on the treatment of pathogens, if such work was authorized by the government. Also, the "trick document" is the National Strategy for Combating Biological Threats, approved in 2009 by President Obama. This strategy reinforces the US refusal to verify compliance with obligations under the UN Convention.

"Since biological and bacteriological experiments are always dangerous, Americans prefer that anyone suffer from possible leaks, just not US residents. Therefore, they are creating laboratories for the study and modification of particularly dangerous pathogens in countries that they "do not feel sorry for" - and which, like Ukraine, are ready to fully disclose their scientific and technical complex as a sign of the so-called commitment to NATO values," the Deputy Secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation noted.

In turn, according to Venediktov's colleague Oleg Khramov, the American partners are not interested in hearing anyone but themselves. According to him, the White House predictably unilaterally stopped interacting with the Kremlin and refused to further discuss information security issues. Such steps by Washington did not become a revelation for Russia. "I repeat, the United States has once again shown that they cannot be trusted. And this applies not only to building bilateral relations, but also to working on international platforms," Khramov said.

Earlier, in an interview with RG, he spoke in detail about the successful activities of the joint working group with the Americans, including the fight against hackers. And also about Washington's unilateral withdrawal from the only active communication channel between the Kremlin and the White House. At the same time, as Khramov noted, the number of states interested in cooperation with Russia in the field of cybersecurity is steadily growing. Thus, according to him, Russia has already concluded intergovernmental agreements on cooperation in the field of information security with 14 countries - Armenia, Belarus, Brazil, Vietnam, India, Indonesia, Iran, Kyrgyzstan, China, Cuba, Nicaragua, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and South Africa. It is planned to sign similar agreements with Azerbaijan, Serbia and Tajikistan in the near future.

In turn, Yuri Kokov reminded the diplomats about the threat of international terrorism, which has not gone anywhere and which can be defeated only by joint efforts.

According to him, 40 countries have already joined the international database on terrorists, which is maintained by the FSB of Russia, and called on other countries to participate in joint work. Kokov also said that the problem of unauthorized interference in the control automation of potentially dangerous and critical facilities, including transport and fuel and energy systems, in order to disrupt their operation and create emergency situations is becoming increasingly urgent. According to him, it can be concluded that the era of digital terrorism is coming, which in terms of the scale of possible consequences can be comparable to weapons of mass destruction.

But another deputy of Patrushev, Rashid Nurgaliyev, brought the ambassadors up to date on the tasks and progress of the special military operation in Ukraine. According to him, despite all the existing difficulties, the special military operation will be brought to an end, and its tasks, including the demilitarization and denazification of Ukraine, the protection of the Donetsk People's Republic and the Luhansk People's Republic, will be fully fulfilled.

According to Nurgaliev, the Armed Forces of Russia, as well as units of the DPR and LPR have already liberated many districts of the Donetsk and Lugansk republics, the entire Kherson region, part of the Kharkiv, Zaporozhye and Mykolaiv regions.

"Peaceful life is being established in these territories, new civil-military administrations are being created, life-support facilities for the population, social infrastructure and housing and communal services are being actively restored. Agricultural work is underway," said the Deputy Secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation.

At the same time, in his opinion, the main threat to the population comes from Ukrainian militants who commit monstrous crimes.

"The columns of refugees are subjected to intense fire from the AFU units and nationalist armed formations. However, the world community does not react to all this in any way," Rashid Nurgaliyev said. According to him, repressions against all those who disagree with the Kiev regime in the territory controlled by him are continuing in real time, people are simply being killed.

Nurgaliyev also told the foreign ambassadors why Russia's special military operation began at all. According to him, a serious threat was created to the lives of four million citizens living on the territory of the republics of Donbass, as well as residents of other Russian-speaking regions of Ukraine, who have been terrorized by Ukrainian nationalists for eight years.

"We have at our disposal documents with evidence of Kiev's preparation of a large-scale attack, which was supposed to begin in March 2022, and the intention to destroy the Donetsk and Lugansk People's Republics," the deputy Secretary of the Security Council said. Therefore, according to him, the special military operation announced by the President of the Russian Federation on February 24 was a response to Kiev's criminal steps towards the population of these republics, a timely and proactive measure. Its goal is to protect people who are being bullied, genocide by the Kiev regime, demilitarization and denazification of Ukraine, bringing to justice all war criminals responsible for bloody crimes against civilians.

"It was a forced step - we were simply left with no other choice," Nurgaliyev said.

The heads of Russia, Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan are taking part in the Kremlin summit dedicated to the 30th anniversary of the Collective Security Treaty and the 20th anniversary of the Organization.

In 1992, after the collapse of the USSR, the Collective Security Treaty was signed. This was the beginning of the creation of the CSTO, when independent countries realized that they could not defend themselves alone from NATO countries.

The summit will focus on key issues of cooperation within the framework of the CSTO, topical international and regional issues, as well as measures to further improve the collective security system.

During the meeting, the leaders signed a Statement of the Collective Security Council of the Collective Security Treaty Organization in connection with the 30th anniversary of the Collective Security Treaty and the 20th anniversary of the Collective Security Treaty Organization.

STATEMENT of the Collective Security Council of the Collective Security Treaty Organization on the occasion of the 30th anniversary of the Collective Security Treaty and the 20th anniversary of the Collective Security Treaty Organization

We, the members of the Collective Security Council of the Collective Security Treaty Organization, in connection with the 30th anniversary of the signing of the Collective Security Treaty and the 20th anniversary of the establishment of our Organization on its basis, declare that the choice we made in favor of joining efforts to maintain peace and security in the Eurasian space has stood the test of time.

The Treaty, concluded in 1992, fulfills its main task of ensuring security and stability, territorial integrity and sovereignty of the States participating in it. The efforts we have made to strengthen the Organization and adapt it to the current geopolitical situation have allowed us to intensify military-political cooperation and form an effective system of collective security and countering challenges and threats.

The CSTO, established in 2002, has raised the cooperation of the member states to a qualitatively new level of allied relations, has accumulated significant potential to counter a wide range of modern challenges and threats, and has become an important factor of peace and stability in the Eurasian space.

The Organization's structure continues to be improved, the range of its activities in all major areas is expanding, including foreign policy coordination, military and military-economic cooperation, crisis response, peacemaking, parliamentary dimension, combating international terrorism and extremism, ensuring information and biological security, countering organized transnational crime, including illegal production and trafficking of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and their precursors, illegal arms trafficking, legalization (laundering) of income received from criminal activities, illegal migration.

Having the appropriate potential to ensure the security and stability of the Member States, the Organization firmly proceeds from the lack of alternative solutions to existing international problems by political and diplomatic means and pays priority attention to developing coordinated approaches to the problems of improving the international situation, countering the challenges and threats that the CSTO member states have to face.
The CSTO peacekeeping operation conducted in January 2022 in the Republic of Kazakhstan confirmed the readiness of the Collective Forces to effectively solve the tasks of ensuring the security of the member states and demonstrated to the international community the Organization's capacity to promptly deploy and complete the mission, thereby demonstrating the high status of the CSTO in the system of international and regional organizations.

We are satisfied with our expanding cooperation in the international arena and the level of foreign policy coordination on the main items of the global and regional agendas. We are ready to deepen cooperation with the United Nations, other interested international and regional organizations and States.
Over the period since the signing of the Treaty, international relations in the context of the disunity of the world community are increasingly characterized by an aggravation of tension.

The situation in Afghanistan and on other external borders of the CSTO member states is of concern. In this regard, we express our readiness to ensure the security of the borders of the zone of responsibility of the Collective Security Treaty Organization.
We are seriously concerned about the trend towards forceful intervention in crisis situations bypassing generally recognized international legal norms and principles, the use of force or the threat of the use of force to resolve conflicts in violation of the UN Charter.

We are concerned about the selective application of universally recognized norms and principles of international law, ignoring internationally recognized negotiation formats, unwillingness to take into account the legitimate interests of sovereign states, interference in their internal affairs, the use of unilateral sanctions and restrictions in violation of the prerogatives of the UN Security Council, manifestations of double standards, hatred and intolerance.
Realizing our responsibility for ensuring lasting peace in the Eurasian region, we emphasize the importance of reducing tensions on the continent and confirm our readiness to establish practical cooperation with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

We strongly condemn any attempts to falsify historical events related to our common contribution to countering Nazi aggression. Together we will continue to counteract any attempts to glorify Nazism and spread neo-Nazism, as well as racism and xenophobia. We honor the memory of the ancestors who died during the Great Patriotic War, condemn the manifestations of the "war" with monuments in honor of the fighters against Nazism, the whitewashing of the participants of the Nazi movement and their accomplices. We express serious concern about attempts to prohibit at the legislative level the symbols associated with the Victory over Nazism. We emphasize that the facts of the expulsion and extermination of the peaceful population of the USSR by the Nazis and their accomplices, established in the Verdict of the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg, should be regarded as genocide of the peoples of the Soviet Union.

The path we have traveled, as a result of which the Collective Security Treaty Organization has acquired a new quality, has become an authoritative structure of international and regional security, allows us to look to the future with confidence.

Making this Statement in connection with the 30th anniversary of the Collective Security Treaty and the 20th anniversary of the CSTO, we confirm that the Organization will consistently ensure the security, sovereignty and territorial integrity of its member States, work to strengthen global and regional security, and a fair settlement of international problems based on universally recognized norms and principles of international law.

the city of Moscow,

May 16, 2022

The statement was signed: Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia Nikol Pashinyan, President of the Republic of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko, President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, President of the Kyrgyz Republic Sadyr Zhaparov, President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin and President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon.

Organizations of the Black Liberation Movement issued a joint statement against the actions of the United States/NATO in Ukraine.

The International Volunteer Movement "STOP-NATO / STOP-NATO" fully supports this statement and for its part joins it. We publish the text of the statement on the official website of the Movement so that all interested organizations and individuals in the world can join it. Only together we will stop the aggressors of the NATO bloc and the United States in the world and in Ukraine.

The text of the joint statement!

Dismantle NATO now!

Cancel the US allocation of $16 billions of dollars for the war in Ukraine!

US imperialism is the main threat to peace, sovereignty and justice for the peoples of the whole world!

The ongoing crisis and war in Ukraine threaten to drag the world into a catastrophic nuclear confrontation. Disinformation, lies and propaganda from the United States and other Western media are aimed at confusing millions of people inside the United States and around the world to view Russia as an aggressor, hiding the role of the United States in the development of this conflict. One of the main examples of this manipulation is that the Western media were not honest about the huge role that the US played in facilitating the 2014 coup in Ukraine, which overthrew the democratically elected president of the country, and directed support to neo-Nazi forces that were beneficial to the interests of the US/EU, helping them to come to power in Ukraine.

We, the undersigned organizations and individuals of the Black Liberation Movement and various mass organizations and movements fighting for justice within the United States, call on all peace-loving, black, brown and indigenous communities to condemn and oppose U.S. involvement in Ukraine and throughout Europe through their various corporate and political interests, as well as their own interests, military Unit, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).

We black people living in the United States are people of African descent, oppressed within the United States. We were deprived of the right to housing, food, medicine, clean air, a healthy environment, education and decent wages. Our grandmothers make difficult decisions every month between keeping the lights on or being able to afford insulin. As 13% of the US population, we face a disproportionate level of violent police repression and make up 40% of American prisoners. Those corporate and elite forces of the ruling class in the United States that pursue a policy of NATO expansion across 12,500 miles of Russian borders from Central Asia to Eastern Europe, including Ukraine, are the same ruling elites that support repressive policies within the United States.

US who leave our communities in the racist economic and political danger that we have suffered here for hundreds of years.

We also condemn the blatant hypocrisy of the US government as a capitalist, imperialist, patriarchal predatory power that has invaded and undermined many countries for regime change and other schemes to control the politics, wealth and natural resources of these countries. The United States is the strongest and largest imperialist power in the world and has repeatedly invaded other countries, such as Grenada (1983); Afghanistan (2001); Iraq (2003); Libya (2011); and at least 21 more since 1945. The U.S. military unit on the African continent is known as AFRICOM, a force that generates violence and instability in maintaining U.S. corporate interests throughout Africa.

In these imperialist wars, it is black, brown, indigenous, working-class and poor families who suffer from dislocation losses, death of loved ones and other forms of agony. Black people in this country have fought in every U.S. war, while our families and communities continue to suffer the devastating effects of hate, discrimination, poverty, disease and death. In the Ukrainian conflict, racism shows its ugly face in denying immigration rights to African and other non-white people seeking to avoid the degradation and violence of this conflict, like everyone else living in Ukraine.

We join the black and brown people in other countries of Africa, Asia, the Caribbean and Latin America who defend the right of all nations to sovereignty and security, including Russia, which has historically been invaded several times by the forces of imperialism and fascism across its borders in the 20th century. The Russian people lost millions of lives to defeat fascism during World War II, fighting Hitler's invasion of the USSR in 1941. This history of incursions into Russia is also at the heart of Russian security concerns and the Ukraine/NATO expansion scheme that provoked this war.

We call on all communities and organizations fighting for justice and peace to accept and sign this statement calling for the dismantling of NATO, the end of US support for the war in Ukraine and the cancellation of billions of dollars of military aid to Ukraine. These military funds sent to Ukraine should be redistributed to the needs of people inside the United States for universal health care, universal child care, affordable housing, education, the elimination of all student loan debts, minimum incomes and other human needs.

       Signed by:

Russian President Vladimir Putin said that NATO countries did not want to discuss security guarantees with Russia, instead starting the development of territories adjacent to the Russian borders. During his speech to the participants of the Victory Parade on Red Square, the President noted that in the conditions of the formation of someone else's military infrastructure near the borders of the Russian Federation, a clash with neo-Nazis, on whom the United States relied, was inevitable. As Putin stressed, Russia made the only right decision by giving a preemptive rebuff to aggression.

Vladimir Putin, during his speech to the participants of the parade in honor of the 77th anniversary of victory in the Great Patriotic War, recalled that Russia has always advocated the creation of a system of equal and indivisible security.

The President noted that at the end of 2021, Russia offered Western states to conclude an agreement on security guarantees. However, as Putin recalled, NATO countries did not want to hear the call of the Russian side.

"Preparations were openly underway for another punitive operation in the Donbass, for an invasion of our historical lands, including Crimea. In Kiev, they announced the possible acquisition of nuclear weapons. The NATO bloc has begun active military development of the territories adjacent to us," the president said.

He stressed that an immediate threat was being systematically created at the Russian borders. In this regard, the President mentioned the deployment of military infrastructure, the work of foreign advisers and the supply of modern weapons from NATO countries.

"Everything said that a clash with neo—Nazis, Bandera, on whom the United States and their junior partners had bet, would be inevitable," Putin said.

The Head of State noted that Russia had given a preemptive rebuff to aggression by making a forced, timely and only correct decision.

Addressing the servicemen of Donbass and the Russian military who carry out tasks in Ukraine, Putin noted that they are fighting for the future of the Motherland.

"You are fighting for the Motherland, for its future, so that no one forgets the lessons of the Second World War. So that there is no place for executioners, punishers and Nazis in the world," the president said.

He stressed that Russia remains committed to the love of the Motherland and traditional values. In the West, as Putin noted, such millennial values, apparently, decided to "cancel".

"Such moral degradation became the basis of cynical falsifications of the history of the Second World War, inciting Russophobia, praising traitors, mocking the memory of their victims, crossing out the courage of those who won and suffered Victory," the president concluded.

"The attempt to appease the aggressor turned out to be a mistake"

The President had previously dwelt in detail on the issue of Russia's desire to agree with Western countries on the principles of ensuring security in Europe and on the non-expansion of NATO. In an address timed to coincide with the start of the special operation in Ukraine, the president said that Moscow's efforts in this direction were in vain, since no one listened to the Russian side.

"The US position is not changing. They do not consider it necessary to negotiate with Russia on this key issue for us, pursuing their goals, they neglect our interests," the president said in an address published on February 24.

Putin gave examples from history related to the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, recalling the Soviet Union's desire to delay this moment.

"We know well from history how in 1940 and at the beginning of 1941 of the last century the Soviet Union tried in every possible way to prevent or at least delay the outbreak of war. To do this, among other things, he tried literally to the last not to provoke a potential aggressor, did not carry out or postponed the most necessary, obvious actions to prepare for repelling the inevitable attack. And the steps that were finally taken have already been catastrophically late," Putin said.

As a result, the country was not ready to fully meet the invasion of Nazi Germany, the Russian leader stressed. Putin added that the enemy was eventually stopped and then defeated, but at a colossal cost.

"The attempt to appease the aggressor on the eve of the Great Patriotic War turned out to be a mistake that cost our people dearly. In the first months of the fighting, we lost huge strategically important territories and millions of people. We will not make such a mistake a second time, we have no right," the president concluded in his speech published on February 24.

Watch the full video of Russian President Vladimir Putin's speech at the parade in honor of the 77th anniversary of victory in the Great Patriotic War. The parade took place on Red Square in Moscow. In his address to the parade participants, the President stressed that Russia had given a preemptive rebuff to NATO aggression.

The holiday of May 9, Victory Day, takes on a completely new meaning this year. For the first time since the 45th, we are waiting for a new victory - without which the very existence of our state will be in question. At the same time, a new victory does not cancel that great one, and does not just confirm it, it becomes the beginning of a new era in the life of our country and the whole world. And without victory, there will be no Russia. That's why it's so important to understand who and what we have to defeat — we can't help but win.

Ukraine in its current form is only a visible enemy. But it is clear that the key issue now is a military victory over anti—Russia on the battlefield. This is an unreasonable question, but in order to achieve victory as soon as possible, we need to understand who and what we are fighting, who opposes us and what hinders us.

The collective West, led by the Anglo-Saxon countries (or rather, their elites), is undoubtedly our main opponent in this battle, and it will not end after the guns in Ukraine are silenced. Confrontation with the West has taken the forms of both a proxy war - when Ukrainians are fighting with us, who will be increasingly pumped up with weapons, and a total economic and ideological war, the goal of which the Atlantists directly declared defeat, isolation, weakening and change of power in Russia. That is, the conflict will go to one of two finales — Russia's capitulation with Putin's removal or a severe crisis in the West, which will lead to the loss of Anglo-Saxons control over the united West and its disintegration into at least two parts, the Anglo-Saxon world and Europe, with a simultaneous internal crisis in the United States, a key Western power.

It is clear that only the second option is acceptable for us, and there are good objective prerequisites for it over the next five to ten years, but at the same time we need to prepare for a protracted, for many decades, confrontation with the united West, if such will still exist after 2030. That is, we need to proceed from the fact that in order to preserve the country, we will have to defeat the West — not in Ukraine, but in a global confrontation. The scale of the task should not frighten — yes, we are incomparable in strength with the USSR, but the global balance of forces, and, most importantly, the trends of world development work against the West, against the Atlantic project of world domination, called globalization.

Therefore, our victory over the West is needed not only by us (although only for us it is practically a matter of life and death) — but by the absolute majority of the non-Western world. And many peoples of the "golden billion" will eventually begin to better understand what their victory of the Anglo-Saxon "globalization" will lead to, so they are not unequivocal opponents of Russia's victory.

Because Russia's victory over the West does not mean either the subjugation of the West to us, nor the conquest of Europe by us — even the most stubborn Russophobes do not believe in this. No, our victory, as in 1814 and 1945, means the elimination of the threat to Russia from the West. But, unlike the XIX and XX centuries, when the whole world lived in the era of Western hegemony (or hegemony of Western states, since there was no unified West at that time), the current victory will be even more ambitious in its consequences, because it will mean the end of half a thousand years of Western hegemony in the world. That is, Russia's victory will really open a new chapter in the history of mankind — as they once said about the October Revolution (the attitude towards which, by the way, will also change both here and in the world after that).

What is victory over the West? It can be achieved in three ways.

The first option. While Russia has been holding a blow from the West for several years, while increasing its reorientation to the East and South, the entire global financial, trade and geopolitical system is moving into a stage of massive restructuring. At the same time, both crisis phenomena and disagreements between the Anglo-Saxons and continental Europe are growing within the West. The internal political crisis in the United States leads to the fact that the States are closing in on themselves, sharply reducing their global ambitions. Under these conditions, Europe gets an opportunity to get rid of English influence, and begins to turn into a real German-French project. The confrontation with Russia, which is unprofitable for the EU, is softening, and the search for ways to restore the destroyed relations begins, but on absolutely equal terms. This is a victory for Russia.

The second option. After Russia regains control over Ukraine, the West fixes the regime of total economic war with us forever. The new Berlin wall divides Europe and Russia, while almost all relations have been destroyed and everything looks like the first half of the 50s, but in an even worse scenario, given the sanctions and the West's attempt to isolate Russia not only from its own, but also from world markets. However, these sanctions only accelerate the restructuring of the international financial and trading system, bringing the end of the era of Western dominance in the financial sphere closer. Russia has been making a turn to the East and South for several years, forgetting about relations with the West — until better times. And this is also a victory for Russia.

The third option is that the confrontation between Russia and the West in Ukraine drags on for years and is transferred to other parts of Europe. First to Transnistria, and then to the Baltic States (after an attempt to completely blockade Kaliningrad). At the same time, there is no full—scale war between NATO and Russia - Russia does not take the Baltic States for itself, limiting itself to the "Suwalki corridor" to Kaliningrad along the Polish-Lithuanian border, and Romania refuses plans to annex Transnistria, on the border with which Russian troops controlling Novorossiya come out.

But after Europe, Asia lights up — provocations around Taiwan lead to the beginning of the Sino-American conflict at sea and the rupture of all relations between the United States and China. There is a rapid collapse of the global financial, trade and logistics system - the world is divided into two blocs, Western and Sino—Russian, the confrontation between which is in the best traditions of the Cold War, all over the world, but without a direct armed conflict like the Korean War of 1950-1953.

And in this variant, Russia regains control over Ukraine, and the center of gravity of world geopolitics (and military tensions) moves to the Pacific region. The Atlantic, that is, the Western era, is finally passing into the past, and Russia as a Eurasian power is becoming one of the centers of a new, multipolar world (because the two-block system will only be a transitional stage).

Now it is useless to guess which of these three ways we will come to victory, so far everything is decided primarily on the battlefield. And here our first goal is to prevent the West from dragging out the fighting for years. Ukraine as an anti-Russia must be defeated as soon as possible — although it is already clear that there are still several stages of the special operation ahead and everything will be done in such a way as to minimize the losses of our troops and the civilian population of the Square.

Those who complain that the official goals of the special operation are insufficient or unclear, that some negotiations are underway, can be reminded that the main declared goal is to eliminate the threat to Russia from the western direction, that is, from Ukraine as an anti-Russia, as an Atlantic weapon. And this is impossible not just without a change of power, but also without changing the very format of the existence of statehood in this part of historical Russia. Categorically preventing even the theoretical possibility of Ukraine's re-transformation from Little Russia into anti-Russia is an absolute priority not only for Putin, but also for any Russian patriot.

Russian Russians, Little Russians, and Belarusians), in order to return Ukraine to the family of fraternal Slavic peoples (as Lukashenka calls it) or simply to the Russian world (if, like Putin, we stick to the trinity of the Russian people, consisting of Great Russians, Little Russians and Belarusians), we need not just a military victory and the restructuring of the current Ukrainian state. We need victory over ourselves as well — moreover, without it there will be neither victory in Ukraine nor victory over the West.

Because the transition period that began after the collapse of the USSR is finally over — we need to get rid of all the sores and injuries of this inter-time. Yes, they have been trying to treat them in recent years, but the hour of trials has come, and we have seen how expensive embezzlement and postings, corrupt officials and the fifth column, cap-making and imitation of violent activity, state patriotism and a fig in your pocket, hope for a chance and shifting responsibility cost us. Expensive in the most terrible sense — the reckoning is the lives of our soldiers and officers. Offshore oligarchs and thieving officials, incompetent generals and cowardly Russophobes, "show business stars" - we now have to get rid of all this not only because it is right and fair, but because it is a question of Russia's life as such. We need a victory, but not at any cost, but at the price of getting rid of everything that is rotten and did not want to give up its positions in any way. However, now the issue of purification becomes the main one — we cannot win without it. Not in Ukraine — but in the battle for Russia, which has just begun.

We need to mobilize all the best that is in us and in society, all the best that was in our history (and in the models of socio-economic structure that we had), all the best that is in our national character. We should not just support Vladimir Putin, who has a full understanding of the scale of tasks and huge responsibility not only to the people, but also to ancestors and descendants, but be honest with each other and with ourselves, responsible for their deeds and words.

We have a huge and difficult job ahead of us — to create a model of Russia's structure that would not only withstand all the tests, but also become stable and successfully developing for many decades to come. We have everything for this: people, resources, the global situation (yes, despite all the sanctions), and, most importantly, the will and motivation. If the Russians want to win, if they know what they are fighting for, there is no force that could stop us. And therefore the victory will be ours.

Pyotr Akopov, RIA Novosti columnist

Russian-Chinese relations have no analog in terms of mutual understanding and interaction. This was stated by Chinese Ambassador to Russia Zhang Hanhui in a written interview with RT. According to the diplomat, Moscow and Beijing today jointly defend the world order based on international law and the principle of multipolarity. In this regard, the Ambassador pointed out the importance of the signing of the "Joint Declaration on a multipolar World and the formation of a new international order" by the two countries 25 years ago. As Zhang Hanhui noted, thanks to the appearance of this document, the trend towards the growth of multipolarity has emerged and is continuously deepening, and hegemonism is becoming less and less in demand.

— What is the significance of the signing by Russia and China in 1997 of the "Joint Declaration on a Multipolar World and the formation of a new international order"?

— In the 1990s, after the end of the cold war, international relations underwent a profound transformation. Under the conditions of the world domination of a single country, the imbalance of forces in the international arena and a chaotic world order, hegemonism and power politics began to rampage, one after another various myths about the threats of a particular country and the theory of a clash of civilizations appeared, which damages peace and stability throughout the world.

As permanent members of the UN Security Council and responsible world powers, China and Russia, based on their "relations of strategic and trust-based cooperation aimed at strategic interaction in the XXI century," in April 1997, on the basis of a comprehensive generalization of historical experience and understanding of general trends in world development, signed the "Joint Declaration on a Multipolar World and the Formation of a New international order". The parties unanimously noted that the construction of a peaceful, stable, just and rational new world order is conditioned by the urgent demand of the era and the natural course of history.

They stressed the inadmissibility of any country's attempts to strive for hegemony, pursue a policy from a position of strength and monopolize international affairs, as well as the need to end the cold War mentality and bloc politics, strengthen the role of the United Nations and its Security Council. It was noted that China and Russia will make their worthy contribution to the strengthening of world peace and common efforts for the progressive development of mankind. The Joint Declaration, provoking a broad response and active support from the international community, strengthened global trends towards the formation of a multipolar world and the democratization of international relations.

Over the past 25 years, the global situation has undergone profound transformations: unilateralism, the cold War mentality and the politics of force have become the main obstacles to multipolarity, and the economic downturn, unresolved painful problems and the wave of deglobalization have become the main challenges for the global governance system. The EU and NATO are expanding to the east, and the United States is trying to maintain world domination by any means by bombing Yugoslavia, military intervention in Afghanistan and the introduction of troops into Iraq.

Having sown chaos in the Middle East, the United States continues to interfere in the internal affairs of other countries, provoke "color revolutions" and draw dividing lines on an ideological basis, exert strategic pressure on China and Russia. Against this background, multilateralism faces serious challenges, which fully confirms the relevance of the very first calls to confront hegemonism and the policy of force, recorded in the joint declaration adopted by China and Russia 25 years ago on the basis of an accurate analysis of the development of the international situation.

Ideals do not change either in stable or in times of crisis, while beliefs remain the same both on an even and thorny path. Over the past 25 years, China and Russia, constantly enriching the joint declaration with new concepts and ideas, have made great efforts to form a multipolar world and democratize international relations, opposed hegemonism and power politics. Thanks to the joint declaration, a trend towards the growth of multipolarity has emerged and is continuously deepening.

Emerging market and developing countries are rising in whole groups, and their representation and influence in international affairs and global governance are growing. The Shanghai Cooperation Organization, BRICS and G20 associations were created, which defend the principles of multilateralism, carry out fruitful international cooperation and become an important force in international and regional affairs. Hegemonism is becoming less and less in demand, and power politics is increasingly rejected.

The world needs justice, not hegemony. The formation of a multipolar world meets the common aspirations of the international community and reflects the trend of global development.

— How does China see multipolarity and the new world order?

— Now, in the light of an unprecedented pandemic and unprecedented changes in the last 100 years, the world is going through a period of upheaval and transformation. The factors of instability and unpredictability are noticeably increasing. Humanity shares a common destiny, no country can defend itself alone. The policy of force and unilateral approach only aggravate crisis situations.

The only way to solve the problems that have arisen and overcome the challenges is a multilateral approach and assistance in building a Community of a common destiny of humanity. As Chinese President Xi Jinping noted, "the essence of a multilateral approach is to find collective answers to global problems through consultations and the opportunity to jointly manage the fate of the world. One or several countries should not be allowed to impose their own rules on all others and allow individual countries to "order music" to the "melody" of one-sidedness."

In order to promote the formation of a multipolar world and the democratization of international relations, as well as to implement genuine multilateralism, it is necessary to focus efforts on the following areas.

The first is to defend the goals of the UN Charter, to support the international system based on the UN, and to adhere to a non—ideologized approach to promoting multilateralism based on the principles of openness and equality. The choice should always be clear and unambiguous, in favor of openness and inclusivity, compliance with international law, consultations and cooperation, moving with the times instead of closeness and xenophobia, striving for one's own domination, confrontation and confrontation, contentment with past achievements.

Secondly, we need to fight for the common good of all mankind, thinking about the whole world. China adheres to the path of peaceful development, advocates the creation of a Community of the Common Destiny of mankind and promotes the concept of global governance based on the principles of "joint consultation, joint construction and joint use."

China is carrying out comprehensive work on the implementation of the "2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development", has achieved the goal of reducing poverty ten years ahead of schedule. Great efforts are aimed at high—quality implementation of the "One Belt, One Road" initiative, which gives a powerful impetus to global development. As part of the fight against the pandemic, China has initiated large-scale humanitarian operations to supply vaccines to developing countries as a global public good, which has become an aid for joint efforts in the fight against COVID-19.

The third is to support international justice and equality, to promote the protection of peace and security throughout the world. China has always been committed to a political solution to the problems of hot spots and to date has already participated in more than 30 UN peacekeeping operations, which makes it the largest supplier of peacekeeping contingents among the permanent members of the Security Council.

China strongly opposes hegemonism, power politics, cold war mentality and zero-sum game. China strongly advocates a new concept of common, integrated, joint and sustainable security. At the Boao Asian Forum held a few days ago, Chinese President Xi Jinping put forward the global security initiative for the first time, systematically outlining solutions to world security problems, which received a positive response from the international community.

Chinese President Xi Jinping stressed: "China will always carry the banner of multilateralism high and continue to guard global peace, contribute to international development, protect international order and provide public goods." The path to a multipolar world is tortuous. China will continue to stand firmly on the right side of history and promote the progressive development of mankind, continue to provide the world with new opportunities by identifying new potential for its own development and make an increasing contribution to promoting the formation of a Community of a common destiny of mankind and building a more beautiful world.

— How would you assess the Chinese-Russian cooperation on the formation of a multipolar world and world order?

Under the strategic leadership of Chinese President Xi Jinping and Russian President Vladimir Putin, relations between our countries have entered the best period of history, have become the most successful inter-state relations since the end of the Cold War, which have no analogue in terms of mutual understanding and interaction, as well as strategic value. Sino-Russian strategic cooperation is an important force in the formation of a multipolar world and the democratization of international relations.

China and Russia jointly defend the international system based on the United Nations and the international order based on international law. The two heads of state have repeatedly adopted political documents on the international situation, strategic stability and topical issues, where the position on opposing the rules-based world order, hegemonic intimidation and unilateral approach was fixed, the determination to resist unilateral sanctions and support for the UN as a central platform that allows all countries of the world to ensure common security together, to gain access to the achievements of world development and collectively determine the future of our planet.

China and Russia firmly defend the results of the Second World War and resolutely oppose attempts to falsify the history of the Great Victory. As Chinese President Xi Jinping said during a telephone conversation with Russian President Vladimir Putin, "China and Russia have a special mission to maintain peace and security throughout the world, promote the development and progress of mankind; China is ready to cooperate with the Russian side to firmly defend the results of World War II and international justice, support and implement in the life of multilateralism."

China and Russia continue to deepen strategic cooperation both on a bilateral basis and in multilateral structures, and advocate multipolarity.

The parties are increasing mutual strategic support, deepening the convergence of interests, expanding the potential of bilateral relations and contributing to the construction of a new type of international relations and a Community of common destiny of mankind.

The parties also conduct close coordination and interaction within the framework of the United Nations and in such multilateral structures as the SCO, BRICS, China—Russia—India, China—Russia—Mongolia. And such formulations as "building a multipolar world order" and "building a multipolar international system" have already been recorded many times in the political documents of the SCO and BRICS.

China and Russia are working together to maintain peace and stability around the world and resist external interference. China and Russia are determined to deepen strategic cooperation "back to back" and shoulder to shoulder to defend international justice and equality. This strategic choice has a far-reaching impact not only for China and Russia, but also for the whole world.

So it was and is — and so it will be forever. The parties are always committed to the principles of mutual support, resolutely support each other in protecting sovereignty, security and development interests, conduct an effective fight against external interference and threats to regional security, resolutely oppose "color revolutions" and support international strategic stability.

In February of this year, during the visit of Russian President Vladimir Putin to China, an "Olympic summit" was held, following which a "Joint statement on international relations entering a new Era and global sustainable development" was adopted. The document stressed that "China and Russia intend to strictly adhere to moral principles and responsibility, promote multipolarity and promote the democratization of international relations, jointly build an even more prosperous, stable and just world, together create a new type of international relations."

We will strictly implement the agreements of the two heads of state, stand shoulder to shoulder, provide each other with reliable support, generate more ideas together and make a great contribution to global development.

The greatest truth is extremely simple: practical actions are the most important. The situation in today's world is far from calm, great changes are unfolding in front of us, unprecedented in a century. In any international turbulence, China and Russia will maintain their strategic resolve and will persistently promote the formation of a multipolar world and the democratization of international relations.

President Xi Jinping noted: "We can't give up on our dreams because reality is complicated, and we can't give up on our aspirations because our ideals are far away." I am confident that Chinese-Russian cooperation will not only benefit and well-being of our peoples, but will also contribute to peace, stability and development throughout the world.

As long as the international community adheres to the concept of a Community of the Common destiny of humanity, adheres to the principle of multilateralism and follows the path of solidarity and cooperation, we will be able to join forces to solve various global problems and build an open, inclusive and beautiful world where lasting peace, universal security and shared prosperity reign.

Military assistance to Ukraine has resulted in serious problems for the economy and the defense system of the United States, and President Joe Biden clearly does not realize how dangerous the situation is. This opinion was expressed on Fox News by TV presenter Tucker Carlson.

The journalist, referring to the data of the American media, said that the United States had sent so many weapons to Kiev that now they themselves felt its shortage: in the event of a serious conflict, ammunition would not be enough. However, Biden decided not to stop there and called on Congress to allocate an additional $33 billion to Ukraine. According to Carlson, this amount is much more than the one that, in particular, Donald Trump asked for the construction of a wall on the border with Mexico. Meanwhile, the economic situation is getting worse: record inflation, food and energy shortages threaten a recession.

According to Carlson, in this situation, the behavior of the American leader is even more frightening. The TV presenter showed a video in which the president, stammering and grinning, talked about plans to confiscate the property of Russian oligarchs.

"Someone will remember about the 25th Amendment (amendment to the US Constitution, which makes it possible to remove the president from office because of his incapacity. — Ed.)? It can't go on like this. We are on the verge of a nuclear conflict — with a country that threatens to use nuclear weapons against us. And we expect that this person has enough fine motor skills to prevent us all from dying," Carlson said.

He stressed that the United States is experiencing a moment of maximum danger, but the leadership is behaving recklessly, and in the case of Biden, it is insane. This state of affairs causes concern, about which everyone around is nevertheless afraid to speak out loud, the presenter concluded.

The day before, Biden requested $33 billion from Congress for Ukraine. Of these, 20.4 billion are intended for military aid, 8.5 billion for economic assistance and three billion for humanitarian and food aid.

On April 27, 2022, the Russian leadership tightened its rhetoric against NATO in connection with the conduct of a special military operation (SVO) of Russia on the territory of Ukraine.

Russian President Vladimir Putin warned the "third party" that its interference in the course of its own, if the Russian Federation considers it a strategic threat, will be followed by "lightning strikes". And all decisions on this matter have already been made, he added. In turn, the Secretary of the Russian Security Council, Nikolai Patrushev, ordered that the authorities of the regions of the Russian Federation pay the most serious attention to the modernization of civil defense facilities and increase the security of regime facilities.

At a meeting of the Council of Legislators of the Russian Federation in St. Petersburg, Russian leader Vladimir Putin confirmed that there would be no slowdown, much less the curtailment of Russia's special military operation (SVO) on the territory of Ukraine.

"I want to emphasize once again that all the tasks of the special military operation we are conducting in the Donbas and Ukraine, launched on February 24, will certainly be fulfilled in order to guarantee the security of the residents of the Donetsk and Lugansk People's Republics, the Russian Crimea and our entire country for the historical future," the Russian president said. But he did not stop there, expressing a direct warning to NATO about the undesirability of further interference in the course of its own. "If someone, I emphasize once again, if someone intends to interfere in the ongoing events from the outside and they will create threats of a strategic nature unacceptable to us for Russia, they should know that our responses to counter strikes will be lightning fast," Putin explained. Judging by the tools he mentioned further, we are talking about strategic nuclear forces. And the president added that "all decisions on this matter have been made."

On the same day, Russian Security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev, speaking in Astrakhan at a meeting on national security issues in the Southern Federal District, continued the topic related to strategic weapons. For example, he explained in detail to the governors the purpose for which the United States and NATO have created a network of biological laboratories around Russia, and urged them to pay attention in this regard to improving the security of special-mode facilities located in the subjects of the Russian Federation.

Nikolai Patrushev also issued a direct order of this kind: "I ask you to ensure the reliable functioning of the integrated system of emergency notification of the population in case of a threat of emergency situations. It is necessary to bring civil defense defenses in proper condition everywhere, to exclude cases of illegal disposal of such objects from federal ownership."

Secretary of the Russian Security Council Nikolai Patrushev spoke about the tasks of Russia's special operation and the role of the United States in supporting neo-Nazis in an interview with Rossiyskaya Gazeta. And also about the near future of Europe, the Russian gold and foreign exchange reserves and sanctions. And also about what changes await our country in the near future.

Nikolai Platonovich, today, perhaps, the term "second Cold War" no longer seems to be an exaggeration. The Americans, without hesitation, declare that they have won the confrontation with the USSR and now they will also win. How do you assess these views?

Nikolai Patrushev: Tragic scenarios of global crises, both in past years and today, are imposed by Washington in its desire to consolidate its hegemony, resisting the collapse of the unipolar world. The United States is doing everything to ensure that other centers of the multipolar world do not even dare to raise their heads, and our country not only dared, but publicly declared that it would not play by the imposed rules. They tried to force Russia to give up its sovereignty, self-consciousness, culture, and independent foreign and domestic policy. We have no right to agree with this approach.

In an attempt to suppress Russia, the Americans, using their henchmen in Kiev, decided to create an antipode of our country, cynically choosing Ukraine for this, trying to divide essentially a single people. Having found no positive basis to attract Ukrainians to its side, Washington, long before the coup d'etat of 2014, inspired Ukrainians with the exclusivity of their nation and hatred of everything Russian. However, history teaches that hatred can never become a reliable factor of national unity. If anything unites the peoples living in Ukraine today, it is only the fear of the atrocities of nationalist battalions. Therefore, the result of the policy of the West and the Kiev regime controlled by it can only be the disintegration of Ukraine into several states.

Europe, as you warned a year ago, eventually faced an unprecedented crisis, including caused by the flow of Ukrainian refugees. How can this affect the internal situation in the European countries themselves?

Nikolai Patrushev: Europe is in for a deep economic and political crisis for their countries. Rising inflation and falling living standards are already affecting the purse and the mood of Europeans. In addition, large-scale migration complements old security threats, such as illegal drug trafficking and transnational crime, with new problems. Almost five million Ukrainian migrants have already arrived in Europe. In the near future, their number will grow to ten million. Most Ukrainians who have come to the West believe that Europeans should support and provide for them, and when they are forced to work, they begin to rebel.

Representatives of the criminal community who escaped from Ukraine will try to occupy niches that are beneficial to them, put local criminal groups under control, which will undoubtedly be accompanied by a complication of the criminal situation in Europe. The "new breath" will also receive such a widespread business as the sale of orphaned children taken from Ukraine for subsequent illegal adoption in Europe. The West has already faced the revival of the shadow market for the purchase of human organs from socially vulnerable segments of the population of Ukraine for clandestine transplantation operations to European patients.

The flow of migrants from Ukraine began long before 2022, and now it reminded Europe of long-forgotten diseases. After all, only a tenth of the refugees from Ukraine are vaccinated against coronavirus infection, viral hepatitis, tuberculosis, rubella and measles. Because in this former prosperous republic of the Soviet Union, the system of sanitary and epidemiological control and primary health care has been almost completely destroyed.

The goal of denazification is to defeat the bridgehead of neo-Nazism created by the efforts of the West at our borders
But it's probably just flowers?

Nikolai Patrushev: You're right. This is just the beginning. Against the background of anti-Russian sanctions, the world is gradually plunging into an unprecedented food crisis. Tens of millions of people in Africa or the Middle East will be on the verge of starvation due to the fault of the West. To survive, they will rush to Europe. I am not sure that Europe will survive the crisis. Political institutions, supranational associations, economy, culture, traditions can become a thing of the past. Europe will still bite its elbows, and America will be freed from its main geopolitical fear - the political and economic union of Russia and Europe.

The United States and its allies do not notice the neo-Nazis and open fascist ideology in Ukraine, pumping it with the most modern weapons. Isn't it time for us to recognize a number of unfriendly countries as supporters of fascism with all the consequences that follow from this?

Nikolai Patrushev: Europe is already facing the intensification of officially banned manifestations of fascism and neo-Nazism, as together with migrants from Ukraine, criminals with neo-Nazi views fed by Bandera are fleeing from the inevitable criminal prosecution. This will lead to the revival of Nazi ideas in Europe, to manifestations that were considered impossible not so long ago. The growth of ultra-right sentiments, fueled by tens of thousands of trained and combat-experienced Ukrainian radicals who have already found a common language with European fans of Hitler, is not excluded.

The story develops in a spiral. After all, the West denied the danger of the Nazi regime almost until September 1939. In 1938, Time magazine generally recognized Hitler as the person of the year.

Nikolai Patrushev: In the 1930s, the West not only did not deny, but actively contributed to the formation and increase of the power of fascism in Germany. Big business especially distinguished itself. It was then, after the war, that Western historians created a myth about German industrialists who allegedly made the main contribution to the creation of Hitler's war economy. Some American companies generally cooperated with the Nazis until 1943, that is, until the decisive turning point in the war.

There is even a version that the Cyclone B gas, which the Nazis used to kill people in death camps, was created using Western technologies.

Nikolai Patrushev: And you read about how the Nazis built this whole process. Everyone knows, for example, IBM. It was on her calculating machines that the Nazis kept records and planned the processes of extermination of people in concentration camps. Its CEO Watson received an order from Hitler. And this is just one of many examples. Now history repeats itself. The West is still providing the most active support to Ukrainian neo-Nazis, continuing to pump Ukraine with weapons.

The American and European military-industrial complex is rejoicing, because thanks to the crisis in Ukraine, it has no end of orders. It is not surprising that, unlike Russia, which is interested in the speedy completion of a special military operation and minimizing losses from all sides, the West is determined to delay it even to the last Ukrainian. For some reason, the world still thinks that militarists and aggressors necessarily wear uniforms. But do not be deceived by Anglo-Saxon respectability. No costume with a needle will disguise hatred, anger and inhumanity.

If all the instructions of the head of state in the field of import substitution were fulfilled on time, we would be able to avoid many problems in the economy
Many of our opponents in the world claim that they do not understand or do not recognize the goals of a special military operation, believing that they are far-fetched.

Nikolai Patrushev: The special military operation has specific goals, on the achievement of which depends not just the well-being, but the lives of millions of people, the salvation of the population of the LPR and DPR from the genocide that Ukrainian neo-Nazis have been doing for 8 years. At one time, Hitler's fascism dreamed of destroying the entire Russian population, and today its followers, according to the precepts of Hitler, blasphemously try to do it with the hands of the Slavs. Russia will not let this happen.

Speaking of denazification, our goal is to defeat the bridgehead of neo-Nazism created by the efforts of the West at our borders. The need for demilitarization is caused by the fact that Ukraine, saturated with weapons, poses a threat to Russia, including from the point of view of the development and use of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons.

Do you think that the United States can really stage such provocations in Ukraine?

Nikolai Patrushev: You're talking about a country whose elite is incapable of appreciating other people's lives. Americans are used to walking on scorched earth. Since the Second World War, entire cities have been wiped off the face of the earth by bombing, including nuclear. They poured poison into the Vietnamese jungle, bombed Serbs with radioactive ammunition, burned Iraqis alive with white phosphorus, helped terrorists poison Syrians with chlorine. I do not think that the lives of Ukrainians are concerned about the United States, which has repeatedly proved its aggressive anti-human nature. As history shows, NATO has also never been a defensive alliance, but only an offensive one.

Why do American elites need all this?

Nikolai Patrushev: America has long divided the whole world into vassals and enemies. In the USA, since childhood, people have been hammered into their heads that America is a shining city on a hill, and the rest of humanity is just a testing ground for experiments and a resource appendage. Four hundred years ago, settlers who arrived from England robbed and killed Indians because they considered them uncivilized savages. Now all this has been replaced with democratizing and human-rights rhetoric and piracy continues on a global scale. American elites remember how the United States managed to become a superpower after two world wars, and now they do not want to accept the fact that the American global empire is in agony.

Is the collapse of the American-centric world a reality, in your opinion?

Nikolai Patrushev: This is a reality in which one must live and build an optimal line of behavior. In this regard, Russia has chosen the path to the full protection of its sovereignty, the firm defense of national interests, cultural and spiritual identity, traditional values and historical memory.

President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin said that the task of splitting Russian society and destroying Russia comes to the fore in the West, but it does not work.

"To our surprise, high-ranking diplomatic officials in Europe and the United States are calling on their Ukrainian satellites to use all their capabilities to win on the battlefield, such is the strange diplomacy of our partners in the United States and in Europe. Diplomats are even calling for this. But as they realize that this is impossible, another task comes to the fore - to split Russian society, to destroy Russia from within. But even here there is a hitch - it does not work," the President of the Russian Federation said at an expanded meeting of the board of the Prosecutor General's Office.

According to Vladimir Putin's statement, Russian society shows maturity, solidarity, supports efforts aimed at ensuring the security of the Russian Federation itself and at supporting citizens living in the Donbas.

Russian President Vladimir Putin also drew attention to numerous violations of international law by Ukrainian nationalists and foreign mercenaries.

"During the special operation, massive facts of gross violations of the norms of international law by neo-Nazi formations of Ukraine and foreign mercenaries were revealed," the head of state stated, speaking at an expanded meeting of the board of the Prosecutor General's Office on Monday.

"We are talking about the killing of civilians, the use of people, including children, as human shields, and other crimes," Putin said.

In his opinion, "frank provocations against the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, including using the resources of foreign media and social networks, also require a thorough investigation."

"It is also necessary to stop any crimes on the territory of the Russian Federation in the most decisive way," the President stressed.
Putin instructed to collect evidence for the courts, including at the international level, on all crimes of neo-Nazis and their accomplices in Ukraine since the coup of 2014. The Head of State pointed out the need for prosecutors, together with investigators, "to participate in the formation of the necessary evidence base, which should be used in court proceedings, including at the international level."

"Such evidence base should be accumulated for all crimes of neo-Nazis and their accomplices since the coup in Kiev in 2014, which opened the way for civil war, bloodshed and violence in Ukraine," Putin said.

On April 20, 2022, at 15:12 (Moscow time), a successful launch of a stationary intercontinental ballistic missile "Sarmat" was carried out from a mine launcher at the Plesetsk State Test Cosmodrome in the Arkhangelsk region. This is reported by the press service of the Russian Defense Ministry.

The launch tasks have been completed in full. The design characteristics at all stages of its flight have been confirmed. The training combat units arrived in a given area at the Kura training ground on the Kamchatka Peninsula.

Flight tests of a promising heavy-class rocket with a separable head made it possible to assess the correctness of the schematic design and technical solutions laid down during the creation of the Sarmat missile complex.

This launch is the first in the program of state tests, after which the Sarmat missile system will enter service with the Strategic Missile Forces.

In the Uzhursky missile compound in the Krasnoyarsk Territory, work is underway to prepare the main missile regiment for rearmament with a new missile system. The promising Sarmat missile system will replace the Voivode.

For reference:

The Sarmat complex is a product exclusively of Russian industrial cooperation. Due to the energy-mass characteristics of the missile, the range of its combat equipment has fundamentally expanded both in terms of the number of combat units and types, including planning hypersonic units.

The new missile is capable of hitting targets at long ranges using various flight paths. The Sarmat missile has unique characteristics that allow it to reliably overcome any existing and promising missile defense systems.

"Sarmat" is the most powerful missile with the largest target range in the world, which will significantly strengthen the combat power of our country's strategic nuclear forces.

Russian President Vladimir Putin congratulated the military on the successful first flight test of the RS-28 Sarmat intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM).

"This is a big, significant event in the development of advanced weapons systems of the Russian army," the head of state said. According to him, the new complex has the highest tactical and technical characteristics and is able to overcome all modern means of missile defense.

"It has no analogues in the world and will not be for a long time. This truly unique weapon will strengthen the combat potential of our Armed Forces, reliably ensure Russia's security from external threats and make those who, in the heat of frenzied, aggressive rhetoric, are trying to threaten our country think," Putin stressed.

The President thanked everyone who took part in the development and creation of the new complex, and also drew attention to the fact that only Russian-made components are used in the assembly of the Sarmat.

"Of course, this will simplify the serial production of the complex by defense industry enterprises, accelerate its transfer to the Strategic Missile Forces," the head of state said.


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